About Jabalpur (History of Jabalpur), Madhya Pradesh, India

About Jabalpur (History of Jabalpur), Madhya Pradesh, India

“Jabalpur” word is derived from Arabic ‘Jabi’ means rocky mountain on description of an impressive and awe inspiring rocky formation on the southern periphery of the city. Sage by the name Jabalie who was doing tapasya in this place and also Jabalpur has historical evidence that it was the capital of Tripuri Kingdom ruling Kalachuri dynasty and later on was captured to make it as the capital city in 875 AD and in a while the city was ruled by Haihai people in the eleventh century.

Taking the situations of the Gondawana location we get to know about the history of Jabalpur is quiet similar to that of Gondas, the one who are major leaders took the powers of the city into their hands during the period of 13th century. At the time the city Jabalpur was made capital of government wherein it was established by different rulers of Gondas. In 16th century, the Garha-Mandala Raja took the power of the city and later it was expanded to over 52 neighboring districts.

The Mughal emperors fought many times to capture the Gond but at last they succeeded after the death of Rani Durgavati, who was legendary queen who magnificently fought Mughal armies and sacrificed life in Mughal war.

Even powers of Mughal won the war still they never made the Gondas under their defeat and the kings of Gruha-Mandala individually sustained to rule. Still Gondas didn’t have any options to increase their power over Marathas and in the year 1781 they were under the power of Mughal. Immediately the region of their Kingdom which also incorporated Jabalpur city, it was approved to the kings of Bhonsle of Nagpur. Later the Marathas power began to collapse after the conquer against British forces and immediately Jabalpur came under the power of foreign rulers. Jabalpur made the main headquarters of Narmada region and cantonment was also established.

Till the independence of the country, Jabalpur was in under the control of British. At time of Colonial rule it was made capital of Saugar and Nerbudda region. British North Western Province and these regions were combined with the Central Provinces and Berar. In 1903 Jabalpur was transferred to military headquarters of the Southern Brigade. Jabalpur struggled for independence and introduced the Congress session of 1939, Subhash Chandra Bose was selected as President under the blessings of Mahatma Gandhi.  Kamania Gate was constructed in memory of that occasion.

After the independence, Jabalpur became one of its districts by combining the Central Provinces and Berar with state of Madhya Pradesh. The city started to take up developmental works of commercial, educational and even industrial department in order to improve the city with all basic amenities. At presently, Jabalpur has all sorts of infrastructural amenities such as domestic airport, judicial center of state along with state high court, Jabalpur University and the Jabalpur Municipal Corporation to present new outline to the city and Jabalpur is also well known for tourism.


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