Places to Visit in Ernakulam, Kerala, India
Ernakulam is located in the central mainland of the Indian state of Kerala. Ernakulam and Kochi are known as the twin cities of Kerala state. Ernakulam in English means ‘Pond for a Long Time’. The place is located 222 km from the capital of Kerala state. In summer season, the temperature ranges from 240 C to 370 C and in winter season, the temperature ranges from 170 C to 330 C. The geographical coordinates puts the place at 9.980 N and 76. 280 E. Ernakulam spans over an area of 3,034 km2. Ernakulam is 13 feet above the sea level.
The month from October to March is the most favorable time to tour Ernakulam.
History of Ernakulam
The place was named Ernakulam after the famous Ernakulathappan temple. In the past, Ernakulam once formed the center of operation of the Ernakulam district. During Pre-colonial times Ernakulam was the capital of the Cochin Kingdom.
Ever since ancient times the place Ernakulam has been inhabited by people. During the Pre-Colonial times, Ernakulam happened to play an important part in the economy of Kerala. The early rulers of Ernakulam belonged to the Chera Dynasty of the Sangam age, who were established and ruled major portions of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. After the defeat of the Chera Dynasty the place came under the rule of the Cochin Kingdom. Under the rule of the Cochin Kingdom, Ernakulam formed the center of administration in Kerala.
In the colonial period, Ernakulam witnessed many developments taking place under the Portuguese and later the British administration.
People & Culture at Ernakulam
Majority of the population in Ernakulam belong to Hindu religion while the rest worship either Christianity or muslim religion. Malayalam, Hindi and English are the languages spoken by the people in Ernakulam, with Malayalam being the local language.
Food and Shopping in Ernakulam
Many types of exotic cuisines are served in restaurants according to the customer needs. There are plenty of shopping centers in and around the city of Ernakulam. Some of the names of these shopping malls are listed below
- Oberon Mall
- Abad Bay Pride Mall
- Lulu International Shopping Mall
Tourist Places in Ernakulam
There are abundance of religious and monumental places with magnificent architects of interest in the city. There are also beautiful landscapes with picturesque surroundings in and around the city of Ernakulam and the list is as follows:
- Santa Cruz Basilica
This church was built in the year 1500 by the Portuguese in the Fort Kochi.
- Francis Church
Constructed entirely by timber and later rebuild using stones and other mortar, the church was finally open to the public in the year 1779.
- Princess Street
This street has houses created with a touch of European architecture.
- Fort Kochi
Built in the year 1503, the fort has withstood every natural calamities till the present day.
- Marine Drive
Streching a length of 1.75km the place provides a picturesque view of the lake surroundings.
Other than the above mentioned places of interest there are other places of interest. The names of such places are mentioned below
- Mattanchery Palace (Dutch Palace)
- Dutch Cemetery
- Thanthoni Aqua Farm
- Subash Chandrabose Park
- Jew Street
- Indira Gandhi Boat Race
- Bolgatty Island
- Willingdon Island
- The Bishop’s House
- Cochin Carnival
- Vypin Island
- George’s Forane Church at Edapally
- Kerala History Museum at Edapally
- Hill Palace
- Veegaland Amusement Park
- Thomas Mount, Malayatttoor
- Elephant Kraal at Kodanadu
- Boothathankettu Dam
- Edamalayar Lower Dam
Means of Commutation to Ernakulam
Ernakulam is well connected to the rest of the places in India via roadways, railways and airways.
The distance of Ernakulam, via road, from cities in the state of Kerala and neighboring states are given below
- Coimbatore is located at a distance of 190 km
- Trivandrum is located at a distance of 207 km
- Mangalore is located at a distance of 414 km
- Bangalore is located at a distance of 514 km
- Chennai is located at a distance of 682 km
Inter city transportation is facilitated by bus, auto rickshaw and taxis.
There are three major stations in Ernakulam where trains from various parts of India do halt. The names of these stations are mentioned below
- Harbour Terminus on Willington Island
- Ernakulam Town
- Ernakulam Junction
Ernakulam Junction is the busiest of all the railway stations with trains from various places in India are seen arriving and departing.
Ernakulam is well connected to the rest of the world via airways. Nebumbassery International Airport is the closest airport to Ernakulam and is located at a distance of 20 km from the city.
Accommodation Options at Ernakulam
There are hotels providing world class facilities to tourists at prices commencing from Rs. 3000/- onwards per day. There are also budget hotels where one can get a room under rent for a initial price of Rs. 450/- . The names of such hotels are listed below:
- Le Meridien Cochin Resort & Convention Centre
- Dream Hotel
- Trident Hotel
- Royal Village
- Gokulam Park
- Abad Atrium
- Travancore Court
- Thani IIIam Heritage Home
- Nyle Plaza
- The International Hotel
- The Woods Manor
- Sreeragam Luxury Villa Retreat
- Hotel Pearl Continental
- Hotel Highway Garden
- The Town House